Milan Kundera’s “The Curtain,” a fount of knowledge for aspiring writers.


Czech born world renown Writer/Novelist Milan Kundera’s “The Curtain” is really a treat to read for anyone who has been dazzled by the Modernist style this Franco-Czech writer. I Think Kundera’s art as a novelist his style of ‘essayist thinker’ who communicates to the reader through the genre of the Novel is very masterfully explicated through The Curtain. It sheds a lot of light on the patters and thinking modes that have characterized the Kunderian style of novel narrative. The book is called ‘an essay in seven parts’ and is a guide to not only understand Kundera and his craft better but also to develop aestheitc vision of how to grasp the idea of Modernist writing (Novel) within the larger context of fiction writing and its path through history. Kundera brings his insight of the art of fiction writing (in the Novel meduim) and expounds in simple terms and illustative narratives with similes and metaphors a vast theoretical domain. One need not be an acedmic to grasp the ideas and knowledge in The Curtain though what is discussed in highly scholarly, but very layman reader friendly. And the best part it, though it is not a Novel, The Curtain has all the magic, charm and wit that marks great Kunderian work that offers the reader the promise of stimulus for deep thinking while being entertained.

My unedited article to the Sunday Observer on the English “Our way” enterprise.


In connection to Malinda Seneviratne’s article on Sri Lankan English – 23/05/2010 By Dilshan Boange Malinda’s article certainly drew on a wide schema that touched on a great many theoretical aspects commenting on the matter of Sri Lankan English and speaking English “our way”. As a student of English from the Colombo University Sri Lankan English and its dialectical developments were of intent focus in the numerous course units we did in varsity. There is no doubt that English has developed variants throughout the world creating much dialect diversity. I attended the symposium “Speak English Our Way” held at the Bandaranaike Centre for International Studies (BCIS) on 16th January this year. One of the things I most readily agree with of what was said by the numerous speakers was what Prof. Manique Gunasekera of Kelaniya University said on the matter of Sri Lankan English, which is that we have been speaking it ever since the arrival of the British. So therefore the existence of such a dialect as Sri Lankan English within the larger lingual panorama of English is not really a question to clarify. And lest it be misconstrued by players of SAARC regional bigotry, it is most certainly not a variant of ‘Indian English.’ It was intriguing to note that four of the six (if I’m not mistaken) institutional partners of the forum (and presumably the enterprise altogether) were from India. One of them is the “English and Foreign Languages University Hyderabad India,” one of the supposed ‘expertise providers’ to the Speak English Our Way enterprise. Why do we need Indian expertise to devise methods of speaking it “Our way”? A question that one may raise at the outset. However what I wish to comment on is not the institutional makeup of this enterprise but what its outcomes are very likely to be if implemented in full force island wide. Malinda’s article very rightly points out how the purpose of English should be to empower the user from a point of lingual communication. And whether one likes it or not, ‘standards’ do exist and in fact need to exist for effective communicational accuracy. Just like it takes two to tango, conventions need to be in place for communicative efficacy, be it spoken or written. Recently a friend of mine, Mr. Buddhike Perera of Pelawatte had to get in touch with the River Palace Hotel in Varnasi India because some luggage of a group of Sri Lankan students touring India had been left behind and had to be somehow sent to another destination. The head of the tour group being a close acquaintance of Buddhike has sought his help. Buddhike who is well English conversant said after getting on the phone with the Hotel had to face a lingual jumble of a marginally intelligible dialogue from the hotel staffer to finally make communicate his ‘message’ and workout a solution to the luggage problem. A lingual scenario of very much the same had ensued when he had called FedEx India (Global Couriers) to workout the luggage problem. Were those Indian citizen’s speaking Guajarati, Marathi or some other of the hundred and one (or more) vernaculars of India? Not at all, they were very likely in all their Indian right, speaking ‘English’…‘their way.’! Pronunciation was the real issues that made the communicative inefficacy not so much the grammar aspect. Phonology after all is the foundational building block of any spoken language. Shakespearean grammar would befuddle us today, but the words are pronounced the same. It is on these aspects that I wish to comment about the lingual anarchy that could very likely affect the rural youth of Sri Lanka as they learn to speak English ‘some way’. One of the fundamental issues affecting mono-lingual Sinhala speakers when they acquire English as a second language is the difference of the two ‘O’ sounds. This gave rise to the derogative expression/reference ‘not pot’ English (the ‘O’ in the two words being pronounced as the sound of the Sinhala ‘O’ vowel). Is it fair to make such snide remarks about the inability of some to make a well ‘rounded’ ‘O’ vowel sound which I believe is called the ‘upper’ ‘O’ sound? Fairness aside can anyone deny that it is an ‘inability’ that prevails in such speakers, who were probably not given enough correction in terms of speech comprehension skills by their teachers. What difference does it make? One may contend, and say that it is nothing more than a snooty attitude and serves snob value as far as speech ‘competency’ goes. But what happens when you ask for a ‘ball’ and you’re given a ‘bowl’? Yes the one who asked for it knew what he wanted, but then communication is not a one way street. There is a ‘sender’ a ‘message’ and a ‘receiver.’ These are trivial matters one may say. Yes the difference is a small vowel, but then the problems of communicational efficacy and solutions sought by present day establishments of commerce aren’t that simple as a bowl for a ball scenario. But then again a small pronunciation mishap could mis-communicate a whole message. And in the case of my friend Buddhike he personally had to suffer to toll of several expensive IDD calls to the land across the palkstrait, because he couldn’t make out head or tail of the thickly Indian accented English he had to untangle. When in truth all it really required was a couple of minutes, had their pronunciation been more instantly intelligible. These are the practicalities of what happens when ‘our standard’ and ‘theirs’ don’t meet. What would happen if these types of phonological divergences took place, in all given directions in Sri Lanka amongst future generation(s) of our country? That in my opinion is a recipe for lingual anarchy. What communicative effectiveness would we develop? Sri Lankans are praised by many Europeans for speaking good English. On his visit for the 50th independence celebrations Prince Charles reportedly had said that people here speak better English than even he! To tell the rural youth of Sri Lanka that they should speak English in whatever way they see as fit may be a momentarily empowering scenario. But what does it offer for their future? We as a nation have great wealth in terms of human capital that are very talented and with a wealth of ingenious skills, why hamper the future of these skilled youth to develop effective English communicative skills in their childhood by offering this comfort zone that anything can pass? English after all is the number on international language, and the potential that the future of Sri Lanka is immense in the sphere of global commerce when equipped with effective English language skills for communication. Why do we hold the notion that to correct a learner is unwholesome, especially if there is a presence of his fellow learners? It’s seen as damaging to the learners self esteem and dignity isn’t it? Isn’t this at the crux of English learning schemes propounded in the hypotheses of the English ‘Our way’ enterprise? Can it be done for mathematics as well I wonder? I for one as a school boy found being called to the blackboard to do sums torturous! But then mathematics doesn’t come with the same imperialistic baggage that English and its use in Sri Lanka has. And a number of the speakers, master trainers of teachers at the symposium said that one of the focuses is to take English out of the hegemony ‘elitism’. Yes Malinda puts things in to perspective when he says is the rural youngster being told he is getting Shakespeare when in fact he is getting Michael Meyler! 60 years have lapsed since the Suddha left, why are we going to make English now a class based struggle and hamper the progress of non English speaking youth by telling them that whatever they speak believing that it is ‘English’ goes, because it is ‘our way’. Malinda makes a very good point when he says that the enemy’s weapon has to be acquired accurately first to use it effectively. Making the kaduwa a domestic knife, a manne and making the user believe that they both will do the same thing with same effectiveness is simply wishful thinking. What Malinda and I have expressed as criticism of the ‘English Our way’ enterprise may be called reactionary by those who want quick revolution. As Malinda rightly puts it, “there are no shortcuts to revolution.” In my opinion though it seems as progressiveness, this scheme of teaching ‘Our way’ English is regressive. If you think that this critique is not fair, and ‘not cricket’, let me just ask, with what does the bowler bowl a ball? Or bowl?

As a boy I heard once of what ‘Marathon Karu’ had done at the Olympics,but never heard a name…it was more of a faceless modern legend…

A resounding cheer to Malinda Seneviratne for his Morning Inspection column(05/052010) on “Marathon Karu”, in the Daily News.

Ranatunga Karunananda a.k.a ‘Marathon Karu’ is a figure whose strength of character reflects the true spirit of the Olympics.

Sri Lanka should hail the spirit of the character of the likes of ‘Marathon Karu’, and pass on his story to future generations.

Sri Lanka need not look to lands beyond our shores for heroes…we are a Nation whose heroes need to be better engrained in our ethos.

On ‘Marathon Karu’ from Malinda’s Morning Inspection


Malinda Seneviratne’s Morning Inspection of 05/05/2010 was really a treat that answered a boyhood question of mine. The story about the man who completed the 10000M race at the Olympics even after the ‘race’ was over and the others had stopped running. Who was this Sri Lankan? Yes he was from no other place than our own ‘Paradise Isle’. Malinda’s article rescued (so to speak) the name of Ranatunga Karunananda a.k.a ‘Marathon Karu’ from being gradually plunged in to obscurity. Reminds me of what is said of Michael Ondaatje’s first novel Coming Through Slaughter, which academics and critics say recues jazz legend of New Orleans Charles ‘Buddy’ Bolden from being faded out simply because he is an unrecorded musician who had no place in the recorded history track. Malinda has unearthed what to me was a ‘faceless (modern) legend’. The article is truly touching when you see that this man who in spite of the jeering of the crowd persisted to complete the race of 10,000M regardless of whether victory had a place reserved for him. He wanted his daughter to see him complete the race was what Malinda says in his column. This reflects the spirit of endurance and the will and resolve to reach the aim you set for yourself irrespective of whether onlookers are cheering or jeering. And the crowd too seeing the strength of character of this man had saluted his remarkable endevour with an overwhelming ovation that is said to have outdone what the gold medalist of the event had received. It’s a tragic turn of events that besieged the family of Marathon Karu, who were veritably destitute later on. Sri Lanka is said to be a land of forgetfulness. And that is at times a much validated stamen of our modern way of thinking and behaving as a society. There are many of the like of Marathon Karu I’m sure who never got aplace in the record of history. Maybe they didn’t do track and field at the Olympics; maybe they didn’t play in the team that won us the Wills World Cup. But I am sure there are many more whose stories of determination and strength of character would inspire us and humble us to think what awesomeness lies in the human spirit born and bred on this land of ours.

Poster politics:Posters to solicit votes.Then Posters to thank the voters.A ‘Social Contract’ no doubt!

Posters are part of power play in Sri Lankan politics.Poster populism seemed the name of the game in the last General Election.